Moderate to Substantial Inter-Rater Reliability in the Assessment of Cranial Bone Mobility Restrictions

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28 March 2021

Moderate to Substantial Inter-Rater Reliability in the Assessment of Cranial Bone Mobility Restrictions

The World Health Organization benchmarks for osteopathic training consider cranial osteopathy as an important manual skill. Studies of cranial manual therapy have exhibited poor reliability. The aim of this study was to investigate the inter-rater reliability of the manual mobility tests of the spheno-occipital synchondrosis (SOS), and the temporal, parietal, and frontal bones, as assessed in osteopathic manual therapy … ABSTRACT

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Effect of Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment vs Sham Treatment on Activity Limitations in Patients With Nonspecific Subacute and Chronic Low Back Pain A Randomized Clinical Trial

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17 March 2021

Effect of Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment vs Sham Treatment on Activity Limitations in Patients With Nonspecific Subacute and Chronic Low Back Pain A Randomized Clinical Trial

Osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) is frequently offered to people with nonspecific low back pain (LBP) but never compared with sham OMT for reducing LBP-specific activity limitations. The objective of this RCT was to compare the efficacy of standard OMT vs sham OMT for reducing LBP-specific activity limitations at 3 months in persons with nonspecific subacute or chronic LBP … MORE

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Stuck in the middle with you: why a broad-brush approach to defining central sensitisation does not help clinicians and patients

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17 March 2021

Stuck in the middle with you: why a broad-brush approach to defining central sensitisation does not help clinicians and patients

Central sensitization is increasingly interpreted as central nervous system hyperexcitability accounting for a general increase in sensitivity, and used to explain a variety of pain and non-pain symptoms. In this commentary, we argue that such a broad interpretation might not be clinically useful because it fails to distinguish one patient from another based on pathophysiological mechanisms and does not facilitate tailored treatment. We recommend that clinicians use a person-centred approach when assessing and managing patients, considering the different interacting processes/mechanisms that can contribute to a patient’s clinical presentation … ABSTRACT

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Obstructed defecation syndrome associated with paradoxical puborectalis contraction: osteopathic treatment versus anal biofeedback. Results of a pilot study

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17 March 2021

Obstructed defecation syndrome associated with paradoxical puborectalis contraction: osteopathic treatment versus anal biofeedback. Results of a pilot study

Biofeedback is the most widespread rehabilitative therapy for the treatment of anismus after failed conservative treatment. Osteopathy represents an alternative therapy for constipation. The aim of this study was to evaluate short- and long-term results of osteopathic treatment as compared to biofeedback in patients with dyssynergic defecation … ABSTRACT

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The use of 3D printing for osteopathic medical education of rib disorders

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17 March 2021

The use of 3D printing for osteopathic medical education of rib disorders

With the advent of increasingly accessible three-dimensional (3D) printing, the possibility to efficiently design and generate prototype innovations is also increasing. This type of manufacturing can potentially enhance medical education by allowing design of models specific to osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM). The objectives of this study was to determine the viability of a 3D-printed mechanically moveable rib cage in enhancing the teaching of rib osteopathic principles … MORE

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Opposing Vaccine Hesitancy During the Covid-19 Pandemic – A Critical Commentary and United Statement of an International Osteopathic Research Community

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24 February 2021

Opposing Vaccine Hesitancy During the Covid-19 Pandemic – A Critical Commentary and United Statement of an International Osteopathic Research Community

The covid-19 pandemic has resulted in an unprecedented impact on the social, mental and physical health of the global population. It is only now, more than a year since the beginning of the pandemic, that through remarkable medical and scientific innovation there are several safe and effective vaccines for covid-19, and more are being developed. Vaccines have now been approved by regulators across the world and much hope rests on these to bring a return to a degree of pre-pandemic life, saving lives by preventing the illness in the most vulnerable and speeding up the course of the pandemic until large proportions of the population are immunised. Research has confirmed that healthcare professionals (HCPs), such as osteopaths, will make an important contribution to patients’ decision-making regarding the uptake of vaccination, and that osteopaths’ own beliefs, confidence and behaviours with respect to vaccination will influence their recommendations to others … MORE

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The global summit on the efficacy and effectiveness of spinal manipulative therapy for the prevention and treatment of non-musculoskeletal disorders: a systematic review of the literature

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18 February 2021

The global summit on the efficacy and effectiveness of spinal manipulative therapy for the prevention and treatment of non-musculoskeletal disorders: a systematic review of the literature

A small proportion of chiropractors, osteopaths, and other manual medicine providers use spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) to manage non-musculoskeletal disorders. However, the efficacy and effectiveness of these interventions to prevent or treat non-musculoskeletal disorders remain controversial. We convened a Global Summit of international scientists to conduct a systematic review of the literature to determine the efficacy and effectiveness of SMT for the primary, secondary and tertiary prevention of non-musculoskeletal disorders … MORE

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Thematic Analysis of Attitudes Held by a Group of Italian Osteopaths Toward Osteopathic Evaluation, Treatment, and Management in the Neonatal and Pediatric Field: A Qualitative Study

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17 February 2021

Thematic Analysis of Attitudes Held by a Group of Italian Osteopaths Toward Osteopathic Evaluation, Treatment, and Management in the Neonatal and Pediatric Field: A Qualitative Study

The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitudes held by a group of Italian osteopaths toward osteopathic evaluation, treatment, and management in the neonatal and pediatric field … ABSTRACT

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A national cross-sectional survey of the attitudes, skills and use of evidence-based practice amongst Spanish osteopaths

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17 February 2021

A national cross-sectional survey of the attitudes, skills and use of evidence-based practice amongst Spanish osteopaths

Although evidence-based practice (EBP) is largely supported across healthcare professions, its implementation in manual therapy professions such as osteopathy remains limited and debated. There is currently little knowledge of how Spanish osteopaths relate to EBP. The main aim of this study was to investigate the attitudes, skills and use of EBP among Spanish osteopaths. A secondary aim was to identify barriers and facilitators for the adoption of EBP in the Spanish osteopathic context … MORE

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Osteopathic manipulative treatment in a general pediatric setting: An account of reflective practice

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17 February 2021

Osteopathic manipulative treatment in a general pediatric setting: An account of reflective practice

Herein is a description of the experience of the author, who is an MD, who was trained in performing osteopathic manipulation after practicing general allopathic pediatric medicine for 8 years. In the ensuing 28 years, her experience using it liberally for a wide variety of conditions convinced her that early use of OMT in children could reverse or prevent any number of common pediatric maladies, in a non-invasive, and cost-effective manner … ABSTRACT

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