In vitro mimicking of therapeutic soft tissue stimulation regulates pro-inflammatory cytokines

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30 April 2020

In vitro mimicking of therapeutic soft tissue stimulation regulates pro-inflammatory cytokines

Objective Soft tissue manual therapies such as massage and myofascial release are commonly utilized by osteopathic physicians, chiropractors, physical therapists and massage therapists. These techniques are predicated on subjecting tissues to biophysical mechanical stimulation but the cellular and molecular mechanism(s) mediating these effects are poorly understood. A series of studies established an in vitro model system for mimicking therapeutic soft tissue stimulation of dermal fibroblasts and established that injury-like strain induces the secretion of numerous pro-inflammatory cytokines. Moreover, mechanical strain replicating soft tissue manual therapy reduces strain-induced secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Here, we sought to partially confirm and extend these reports and provide independent corroboration of prior results … MORE

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Effect of Abdominal Lymphatic Pump Treatment on Disease Activity in a Rat Model of Inflammatory Bowel Disease

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29 April 2020

Effect of Abdominal Lymphatic Pump Treatment on Disease Activity in a Rat Model of Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn disease, are chronic relapsing inflammatory diseases that affect 1.5 million people in the United States. Lymphatic pump treatment (LPT) techniques were designed to enhance the movement of lymph and can be used to relieve symptoms in patients with IBD and other gastrointestinal disorders. The objective of this study was to determine whether LPT would decrease gastrointestinal inflammation and reduce disease severity in rats with acute IBD … ABSTRACT

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Who Uses Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment? A Prospective, Observational Study Conducted by DO-Touch.NET

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27 April 2020

Who Uses Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment? A Prospective, Observational Study Conducted by DO-Touch.NET

Information about the characteristics of patients who use osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) is limited. The objective of this study was to determine the scope of conditions being managed with OMT and describe the characteristics of patients who receive OMT … ABSTRACT

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Beliefs about chronic low back pain amongst osteopaths registered in Spain: A cross-sectional survey

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22 March 2020

Beliefs about chronic low back pain amongst osteopaths registered in Spain: A cross-sectional survey

Healthcare providers’ attitudes and beliefs might influence patients’ attitudes and beliefs as well as their management approach. It was hypothesised that osteopaths have a more biopsychosocial mindset towards chronic low back pain (CLBP) because of their holistic reasoning. The primary aim of the study was to assess the beliefs of osteopaths registered in Spain about CLBP and the presence of kinesiophobic and fear-avoidance beliefs. The secondary aim was to compare these results with previous research and cut-off values … ABSTRACT

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Effect of manual approaches with osteopathic modality on brain correlates of interoception: an fMRI study

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22 March 2020

Effect of manual approaches with osteopathic modality on brain correlates of interoception: an fMRI study

The present randomised placebo controlled trial explored the extent to which osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) affects brain activity, particularly the insula, during both an “interoceptive awareness” and “exteroceptive awareness” task in a sample of 32 right-handed adults with chronic Low Back Pain (CLBP) randomly assigned to either the OMT or sham group. Patients received 4 weekly sessions and fMRI was performed at enrolment (T0), immediately after the first session (T1) and at 1 month (T2) … MORE

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Life satisfaction and musculoskeletal complaints in a population seeking osteopathy care: consecutive sample of 611 patients

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22 March 2020

Life satisfaction and musculoskeletal complaints in a population seeking osteopathy care: consecutive sample of 611 patients

Life satisfaction is a component of the subjective well-being construct. Research consistently suggests that life satisfaction is associated with enhanced social benefits and improved health outcomes. However, its relationship to musculoskeletal health outcomes is underexplored. This study evaluates the life satisfaction of a patient population presenting with musculoskeletal complaints, and the relationship of life satisfaction with other health demographics and behaviours … MORE

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Osteopathic treatment of patients with shoulder pain. A pragmatic randomized controlled trial.

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22 March 2020

Osteopathic treatment of patients with shoulder pain. A pragmatic randomized controlled trial.

Shoulder complaints are common in the general population. Typically, the diagnosis of a specific pathology is lacking. The objective of this trial was to evaluate the effectiveness of an osteopathic treatment in patients suffering from shoulder pain … ABSTRACT

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Characteristics and Treatment of Pediatric Patients in an Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine Clinic

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22 March 2020

Characteristics and Treatment of Pediatric Patients in an Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine Clinic

Osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM) is recognized as an adjunctive medical approach for the treatment of pediatric patients, but few studies have detailed the pediatric conditions that prompt the use of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) or the types and frequency of OMT used. The objective of this study was to present descriptive data of pediatric patients receiving OMT from a neuromusculoskeletal medicine/OMM outpatient clinic … ABSTRACT

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The Effect of Osteopathic Manual Therapy with Breathing Retraining on CardiacAutonomic Measures and Breathing Symptoms Scores: A Randomised Wait-List Controlled Trial.

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22 March 2020

The Effect of Osteopathic Manual Therapy with Breathing Retraining on CardiacAutonomic Measures and Breathing Symptoms Scores: A Randomised Wait-List Controlled Trial.

Breathing retraining and manual therapy (MT), delivered independently or together, influence autonomic activity, and improve symptoms in patients with chronic conditions. This study evaluated the effects of breathing retraining and osteopathic MT on cardiac autonomic measures and breathing symptoms during spontaneous breathing in healthy active adults … ABSTRACT

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The safety of spinal manipulative therapy in children under 10 years: a rapid review

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22 March 2020

The safety of spinal manipulative therapy in children under 10 years: a rapid review

The safety of spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) in children is controversial. We were mandated by the College of Chiropractors of British Columbia to review the evidence on this issue. We conducted a rapid review of the safety of SMT in children (< 10 years). We aimed to: 1) describe adverse events; 2) report the incidence of adverse events; and 3) determine whether SMT increases the risk of adverse events compared to other interventions … MORE

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