Gut Microbiome Changes with Osteopathic Treatment of Constipation in Parkinson’s Disease: A Pilot Study

  |   By  |  0 Comments

19 April 2021

Gut Microbiome Changes with Osteopathic Treatment of Constipation in Parkinson’s Disease: A Pilot Study

The gut microbiome appears to be predictive of Parkinson’s disease (PD) with constipation. Chronic constipation frequently manifests prior to motor symptoms and impairs quality of life. An osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM) sequence used physical exam assessment and manual treatment of neuromusculoskeletal dysfunctions pertinent to constipation in PD for this prospective ABA-design study, IRB-NYITBHS1065. The effects of 4 weekly treatments on the gut microbiome among men and women over 40 years old with chronic constipation and PD were investigated. Severity of PD was rated with the Movement Disorders Society-Unified PD rating scale (UPDRS) in six subjects with constipation. Also, the Bristol stool scale and questionnaires validated for constipation were administered for diagnosis, symptom severity, and quality of life during a 4-week control-period (A), 4-weekly OMM-treatments (B), and 2-weeks no-intervention (A). Biweekly stool samples were assessed for normalized microbiota abundance … MORE

Attachments
No items found

Occipitoatlantal decompression and noninvasive vagus nerve stimulation slow conduction velocity through the atrioventricular node in healthy participants

  |   By  |  0 Comments

19 April 2021

Occipitoatlantal decompression and noninvasive vagus nerve stimulation slow conduction velocity through the atrioventricular node in healthy participants

Management of atrial fibrillation includes either rhythm control that aims at establishing a sinus rhythm or rate control that aims at lowering the ventricular rate, usually with atrioventricular nodal blocking agents. Another potential strategy for ventricular rate control is to induce a negative dromotropic effect by augmenting cardiac vagal activity, which might be possible through noninvasive and nonpharmacologic techniques. Thus, the hypothesis of this study was that occipitoatlantal decompression (OA-D) and transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) not only increase cardiac parasympathetic tone as assessed by heart rate variability (HRV), but also slow atrioventricular conduction, assessed by the PQ-interval of the electrocardiogram (EKG) in generally healthy study participants without atrial fibrillation. The objectives of this study ware to test whether OA-D and/or transcutaneous taVNS, which have been demonstrated to increase cardiac parasympathetic nervous system activity, would also elicit a negative dromotropic effect and prolong atrioventricular conduction … MORE

Attachments
No items found

The use of osteopathic manipulative treatment in the newborn nursery and its effect on health in the first six months of life: A retrospective observational case-control study

  |   By  |  0 Comments

19 April 2021

The use of osteopathic manipulative treatment in the newborn nursery and its effect on health in the first six months of life: A retrospective observational case-control study

Limitations of traditional medicine and rising interest in complementary medicine call for a closer look at the potential relevance of manual medicine, specifically osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) in children. The objective of this study was to conduct a retrospective observational pilot study of babies who received OMT in the newborn nursery compared to those who did not, by quantifying their outpatient health issues in the first 6 months of life, and to determine the feasibility of further definitive randomized controlled trials of a similar nature … MORE

Attachments
No items found

Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment to Optimize the Glymphatic Environment in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Measured With Optic Nerve Sheath Diameter, Intracranial Pressure Monitoring, and Neurological Pupil Index

  |   By  |  0 Comments

19 April 2021

Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment to Optimize the Glymphatic Environment in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Measured With Optic Nerve Sheath Diameter, Intracranial Pressure Monitoring, and Neurological Pupil Index

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has a complex pathophysiology that has historically been poorly understood. New evidence on the pathophysiology, molecular biology, and diagnostic studies involved in TBI have shed new light on optimizing rehabilitation and recovery. The goal of this study was to assess the effect of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) on peripheral and central glial lymphatics in patients with severe TBI, brain edema, and elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) by measuring changes in several parameters regularly used in management … MORE

Attachments
No items found

Support for osteopathic manipulative treatment inclusion in chronic pain management guidelines: a narrative review

  |   By  |  0 Comments

19 April 2021

Support for osteopathic manipulative treatment inclusion in chronic pain management guidelines: a narrative review

Osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) is used to treat chronic pain conditions. However, few guidelines focusing on chronic pain management include recommendations for OMT. The objective of this narrative review was to evaluate previous literature on the use of OMT for improving chronic pain … ABSTRACT

Attachments
No items found

Osteopathic Treatment of Infants in Their First Year of Life: A Prospective Multicenter Observational Study (OSTINF Study)

  |   By  |  0 Comments

15 April 2021

Osteopathic Treatment of Infants in Their First Year of Life: A Prospective Multicenter Observational Study (OSTINF Study)

In Germany in recent years, a growing number of parents are seeking help from osteopaths for the perceived health complaints of their infants and children. However, reliable evidence for the effectiveness of osteopathic interventions for this group of patients is largely lacking. The objective of this study was to observe and document changes in the symptoms of certain health disturbances, as perceived by parents, during the course of an osteopathic treatment of their baby, and associated side effects … ABSTRACT

Attachments
No items found

Moderate to Substantial Inter-Rater Reliability in the Assessment of Cranial Bone Mobility Restrictions

  |   By  |  0 Comments

28 March 2021

Moderate to Substantial Inter-Rater Reliability in the Assessment of Cranial Bone Mobility Restrictions

The World Health Organization benchmarks for osteopathic training consider cranial osteopathy as an important manual skill. Studies of cranial manual therapy have exhibited poor reliability. The aim of this study was to investigate the inter-rater reliability of the manual mobility tests of the spheno-occipital synchondrosis (SOS), and the temporal, parietal, and frontal bones, as assessed in osteopathic manual therapy … ABSTRACT

Attachments
No items found

Effect of Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment vs Sham Treatment on Activity Limitations in Patients With Nonspecific Subacute and Chronic Low Back Pain A Randomized Clinical Trial

  |   By  |  0 Comments

17 March 2021

Effect of Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment vs Sham Treatment on Activity Limitations in Patients With Nonspecific Subacute and Chronic Low Back Pain A Randomized Clinical Trial

Osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) is frequently offered to people with nonspecific low back pain (LBP) but never compared with sham OMT for reducing LBP-specific activity limitations. The objective of this RCT was to compare the efficacy of standard OMT vs sham OMT for reducing LBP-specific activity limitations at 3 months in persons with nonspecific subacute or chronic LBP … MORE

Attachments
No items found

Stuck in the middle with you: why a broad-brush approach to defining central sensitisation does not help clinicians and patients

  |   By  |  0 Comments

17 March 2021

Stuck in the middle with you: why a broad-brush approach to defining central sensitisation does not help clinicians and patients

Central sensitization is increasingly interpreted as central nervous system hyperexcitability accounting for a general increase in sensitivity, and used to explain a variety of pain and non-pain symptoms. In this commentary, we argue that such a broad interpretation might not be clinically useful because it fails to distinguish one patient from another based on pathophysiological mechanisms and does not facilitate tailored treatment. We recommend that clinicians use a person-centred approach when assessing and managing patients, considering the different interacting processes/mechanisms that can contribute to a patient’s clinical presentation … ABSTRACT

Attachments
No items found

Obstructed defecation syndrome associated with paradoxical puborectalis contraction: osteopathic treatment versus anal biofeedback. Results of a pilot study

  |   By  |  0 Comments

17 March 2021

Obstructed defecation syndrome associated with paradoxical puborectalis contraction: osteopathic treatment versus anal biofeedback. Results of a pilot study

Biofeedback is the most widespread rehabilitative therapy for the treatment of anismus after failed conservative treatment. Osteopathy represents an alternative therapy for constipation. The aim of this study was to evaluate short- and long-term results of osteopathic treatment as compared to biofeedback in patients with dyssynergic defecation … ABSTRACT

Attachments
No items found

© 2021 Foundation COME Collaboration. All Rights Reserved