Category: Research

The legacy and implications of the body-mind-spirit osteopathic tenet: a discussion paper evaluating its clinical relevance in contemporary osteopathic care

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A current osteopathic tenet inherited from Native American principles involves viewing each person as a dynamic interaction of body-mind-spirit (BMS). Because of its traditional medicine heritage and current evidence-based approach, the osteopathic profession is, arguably, uniquely positioned to promote evidence-informed person-centered approaches that transcend improvements in pain and musculoskeletal function. It may be particularly relevant […]

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Moderate to Substantial Inter-Rater Reliability in the Assessment of Cranial Bone Mobility Restrictions

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The World Health Organization benchmarks for osteopathic training consider cranial osteopathy as an important manual skill. Studies of cranial manual therapy have exhibited poor reliability. The aim of this study was to investigate the inter-rater reliability of the manual mobility tests of the spheno-occipital synchondrosis (SOS), and the temporal, parietal, and frontal bones, as assessed […]

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Effect of Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment vs Sham Treatment on Activity Limitations in Patients With Nonspecific Subacute and Chronic Low Back Pain A Randomized Clinical Trial

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Osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) is frequently offered to people with nonspecific low back pain (LBP) but never compared with sham OMT for reducing LBP-specific activity limitations. The objective of this RCT was to compare the efficacy of standard OMT vs sham OMT for reducing LBP-specific activity limitations at 3 months in persons with nonspecific subacute […]

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Stuck in the middle with you: why a broad-brush approach to defining central sensitisation does not help clinicians and patients

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Central sensitization is increasingly interpreted as central nervous system hyperexcitability accounting for a general increase in sensitivity, and used to explain a variety of pain and non-pain symptoms. In this commentary, we argue that such a broad interpretation might not be clinically useful because it fails to distinguish one patient from another based on pathophysiological […]

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Thematic Analysis of Attitudes Held by a Group of Italian Osteopaths Toward Osteopathic Evaluation, Treatment, and Management in the Neonatal and Pediatric Field: A Qualitative Study

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitudes held by a group of Italian osteopaths toward osteopathic evaluation, treatment, and management in the neonatal and pediatric field … ABSTRACT

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A national cross-sectional survey of the attitudes, skills and use of evidence-based practice amongst Spanish osteopaths

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Although evidence-based practice (EBP) is largely supported across healthcare professions, its implementation in manual therapy professions such as osteopathy remains limited and debated. There is currently little knowledge of how Spanish osteopaths relate to EBP. The main aim of this study was to investigate the attitudes, skills and use of EBP among Spanish osteopaths. A secondary […]

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What Makes an Osteopathic Treatment Effective From a Patient’s Perspective: A Descriptive Phenomenological Study

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This study aimed to describe patients’ perspectives on their experience in osteopathic treatment, to contribute toward developing interpretative models on effectiveness … ABSTRACT

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Beliefs about chronic low back pain amongst osteopaths registered in Spain: A cross-sectional survey

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Healthcare providers’ attitudes and beliefs might influence patients’ attitudes and beliefs as well as their management approach. It was hypothesised that osteopaths have a more biopsychosocial mindset towards chronic low back pain (CLBP) because of their holistic reasoning. The primary aim of the study was to assess the beliefs of osteopaths registered in Spain about […]

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Effect of manual approaches with osteopathic modality on brain correlates of interoception: an fMRI study

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The present randomised placebo controlled trial explored the extent to which osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) affects brain activity, particularly the insula, during both an “interoceptive awareness” and “exteroceptive awareness” task in a sample of 32 right-handed adults with chronic Low Back Pain (CLBP) randomly assigned to either the OMT or sham group. Patients received 4 […]

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Assessment and Management of Somatic Dysfunctions in Patients With Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

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Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is one of the most common determinants of knee pain. The causes of PFPS are multifactorial, and most treatment approaches are conservative. There are many kinds of therapy for this syndrome, which are based on building strength, flexibility, proprioception, and endurance. Training is functional and progression is gradual. Our hypothesis is […]

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