The association between headache and low back pain: a systematic review

To systematically review studies quantifying the association between primary chronic headaches and persistent low back pain (LBP), the authors searched five electronic databases. They included case-control, cross-sectional and cohort studies that included a headache and back pain free group, reporting on any association between persistent LBP and primary headache disorders. Methodological quality was assessed using Newcastle-Ottawa […]

Dynamic touch reduces physiological arousal in preterm infants: A role for c-tactile afferents?

Preterm birth is a significant risk factor for a range of long-term health problems and developmental disabilities. Though touch plays a central role in many perinatal care strategies, the neurobiological basis of these approaches is seldom considered. C-Tactile afferents (CTs) are a class of unmyelinated nerve fibre activated by low force, dynamic touch. Consistent with […]

Reflective practice enhances osteopathic clinical reasoning

There has been extensive research of clinical reasoning in health professions, and reflective practice is widely used. However, in the field of osteopathy, clinical reasoning is largely under-researched and the use of structured reflective practice at its early stages. The objective of this study is to understand the broad role of reflective practice on osteopathic […]

Engaging with evidence-based practice in the osteopathy clinical learning environment: A mixed methods pilot study

Evidence-based medicine (EBM) requires that patient management decisions include deliberations on the best available evidence. However, engagement with EBM appears to be inconsistent. This pilot study used a mixed-methods approach to evaluate clinical educator and learner engagement with evidence in the clinical learning environment (CLE) through the SNAPPS-Plus clinical supervision model … ABSTRACT

Is visceral manipulation beneficial for patients with low back pain? A systematic review of the literature

Visceral dysfunction (e.g., mobility or motility restriction) may be an underlying cause or contributing factor for some non-specific LBP and can be treated by osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT). The aim of this registered systematic review (CRD42018100633) is to determine the effectiveness of visceral mobilization for non-specific LBP and explore associations between changes in range of […]

The efficacy of muscle energy techniques in symptomatic and asymptomatic subjects: a systematic review

Muscle energy techniques are applied to reduce pain and increase range of motion. These are applied to a variety of pathological conditions and on asymptomatic subjects. There is however limited knowledge on their effectiveness and which protocol may be the most beneficial. The aim of this review is to determine the efficacy of muscle energy techniques […]

Shared decision making by United Kingdom osteopathic students: an observational study using the OPTION-12 instrument

At the crux of patient centred care is Shared Decision Making (SDM), which benefits patient and practitioner. Despite external pressures, studies indicate that SDM remains poorly practised across a variety of healthcare professions. The degree of SDM engagement within United Kingdom osteopathic undergraduate teaching clinics is currently unknown. The authors of this study used the reliable and […]

Concussion Evaluation and Management: An Osteopathic Perspective

Concussions have been increasingly reported over the past decade, but the reported incidence likely minimizes the actual numbers of people affected. Associated symptoms include emotional, somatic, and cognitive complaints, which may be prolonged in patients with certain risk factors. Neurologic examination is necessary to exclude upper motor neuron lesions and thus the need for brain […]

Osteopathic Manipulative Therapy in Patients With Chronic Tension-Type Headache: A Pilot Study

Nonpharmacologic treatment, such as osteopathic manipulative therapy (OMTh; manipulative care provided by foreign-trained osteopaths) may be a beneficial complementary treatment for tension-type headache. However, to the authors’ knowledge, the benefit of OMTh in the management of tension-type headache has not been explored, especially chronic tension-type headache (CTTH). The objective of this study was to investigate the […]

Specialized cutaneous Schwann cells initiate pain sensation

An essential prerequisite for the survival of an organism is the ability to detect and respond to aversive stimuli. Current belief is that noxious stimuli directly activate nociceptive sensory nerve endings in the skin. We discovered a specialized cutaneous glial cell type with extensive processes forming a mesh-like network in the subepidermal border of the […]